Entry Level Theological Truth [15]

Entry Level Theological Truth 15 Earth NASA

“Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good. Bdellium and the onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes around the whole land of Cush. The name of the third river is Hiddekel; it is the one which goes toward the east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.” Genesis 2:10-14


God created this world with abundant natural resources – chief among them is water. Astronomers and physicists continue to search for this life-sustaining commodity among the planets. Amazingly, it is quite rare, unless you happen to live on earth where it is common. This is not surprising, for the universe itself manifests many instances of fine tuning. In other words, but for the Almighty’s creative mind and power superintending the physical processes of the creation, life would have been impossible.


A Unique Planet With Divine Fingerprints All Over It


John Lennox, an Oxford mathematician and Christian believer, points to the scientific understanding of this fine tuning of the universe in his book, God’s Undertaker: Has Science Buried God?, quoting fellow mathematician Sir Roger Penrose in these words:

Try to imagine the phase space…of the entire universe. Each point in this phase space represents a different possible way that the universe might have started off. We are to picture the Creator, armed with a ‘pin’ – which is to be placed at some point in the phase space…Each different positioning of the pin provides a different universe. Now the accuracy that is needed for the Creator’s aim depends on the entropy of the universe that is thereby created. It would be relatively ‘easy’ to produce a high entropy universe, since then there would be a large volume of the phase space available for the pin to hit. But in order to start off the universe in a state of low entropy – so that there will indeed be a second law of thermodynamics – the Creator must aim for a much tinier volume of the phase space. How tiny would this region be, in order that a universe closely resembling the one in which we actually live would be the result?’

His calculations lead him to the remarkable conclusion that the ‘Creator’s aim’ must have been accurate to 1 part in 10 to the power of 10123, that is 1 followed by 10123 zeros, a ‘number which it would be impossible to write out in the usual decimal way, because even if you were able to put a zero on every particle in the universe there would not even be enough particles to do the job’.*

Citing astrophysicist Hugh Ross, Dr. Lennox affirms that the chances of a life-sustaining planet like earth existing are 1 in 1030.


The Sound Of Many Waters


The rivers, oceans, and rainfall all show that God providentially designed this planet with mankind’s well-being in mind. As Paul told the Lycaonians: “Nevertheless He did not leave Himself without witness, in that He did good, gave us rain from heaven and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness” (Acts 14:17.) Yet in spite of the Lord’s kindness towards human beings, people frequently squander – sometimes ignorantly and sometimes intentionally – the resources that the Creator has placed on the earth.

At times one group of people with-hold needed water and food from others to advance their own cruel political and social agendas (one thinks of Stalin’s treatment of Ukraine’s wheat in the 1930s, Mobutu Sese Seko’s plundering of Zaire’s mineral wealth in the 1980s-90s, and Qaddafi’s theft of Libyan oil over his three decades of tyranny, to name but a few examples.) In spite of these all too common instances of human evil, it does not change the fact that God fashioned this planet to meet man’s needs. This ought to produce thankfulness, “for in Him we live and move and have our being…” (Acts 17:28.)


*John C. Lennox, God’s Undertaker: Has Science Buried God? Oxford: Lion Hudson, 2007, p. 70.

Photo credit: NASA

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